• optimization of the aluminum sulfate and pac

    OPTIMIZATION OF THE ALUMINUM SULFATE AND PAC

    The optimum concentration of coagulant Aluminum Sulfate and PAC was 35% and 25% to the initial TSS concentration of river water where the final concentration of TSS obtained was 20 mg/L and 15.5 mg/L with percent TSS removal of 86.67% and 89.6 %. Keywords: Total Suspended Solid, Coagulation, Aluminium Sulfate, Poly Aluminium Chloride (PAC)

  • (pdf) optimization of the aluminum sulfate and

    (PDF) OPTIMIZATION OF THE ALUMINUM SULFATE AND

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  • optimization of the aluminum sulfate and pac

    OPTIMIZATION OF THE ALUMINUM SULFATE AND PAC

    optimization of the aluminum sulfate and pac (poly aluminum chloride) coagulant on tello river water treatment. article · april 2018

  • comparing aluminium sulfate and poly-aluminium chloride

    Comparing Aluminium Sulfate and Poly-Aluminium Chloride

    effectiveness of poly-aluminum chloride (PAC) and aluminum sulfate (alum) in reducing turbidity levels in synthetic water. PAC and alum are extensively used in water treatment plants in Iran. Their performance was evaluated at different pH values and coagulant dosage in order to find optimal operational conditions for low to highly turbidity waters. The influence of lime, as a coagu-lant aid

  • performance of aluminium sulphate and polyaluminium

    Performance of Aluminium Sulphate and Polyaluminium

    Aluminum sulfate (alum), ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride and ferric chloro-sulfate were commonly used as coagulants. However, a possible link of Alzheimer's disease with conventional aluminium

  • optimization of the aluminum sulfate and pac (poly

    OPTIMIZATION OF THE ALUMINUM SULFATE AND PAC (POLY

    Aluminum Sulfate and PAC with several concentration variation of 5% 40% to the initial TSS concentration of river water. Analysis of TSS content of samples using Gravimetry method. The optimum concentration of coagulant Aluminum Sulfate and PAC was 35% and 25% to the initial TSS concentration of river water

  • the use of poly-aluminum chloride and alum for the

    The use of poly-aluminum chloride and alum for the

    This study examined poly-aluminum chloride (PAC) and aluminum sulfate (alum) in treating a partially stabilized leachate, and compared attained results in respect to the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD), turbidity, color and total suspended solid (TSS). Series of coagulation–flocculation tests were carried out to optimize the coagulant

  • optimization of coagulation-flocculation process

    OPTIMIZATION OF COAGULATION-FLOCCULATION PROCESS

    Optimization of coagulation-flocculation process with aluminum sulfate based on response () 79 collection of tools in design or data analysis that enhance the exploration of a region of design variables in one ore more dimensions” [3]. Building a mathematical model based upon RSM is

  • comparing aluminium sulfate and poly-aluminium chloride

    Comparing aluminium sulfate and poly-aluminium chloride

    The objective of this research is to determine the optimum concentration of Aluminum Sulfate (Al2(SO4)3) and PAC (Poly Aluminum Chloride) Coagulant in reducing TSS water of

  • poly-aluminium-chloride (pac) 3v tech

    Poly-Aluminium-Chloride (PAC) 3V Tech

    PAC applications. Water treatment The poly aluminium chloride (PAC) is used for settling of solid particles present into drinkable waters and for the flocculation of civil and industrial effluents. It has also a high antibactericide effect, due to the presence of chlorine into the product formula, and can be utilized for large range of pH and with higher turbidity.

  • optimization of flocculation conditions for kaolin

    Optimization of flocculation conditions for kaolin

    Optimization of flocculation conditions for kaolin suspension using the composite flocculant of MBFGA1 and PAC by response surface methodology Article

  • using coagulants poly aluminum chloride and aluminum

    Using Coagulants Poly Aluminum Chloride and Aluminum

    Using Coagulants Poly Aluminum Chloride and Aluminum Sulfate to Optimize Phosphorus and Turbidity Removal from Secondary Effluent Kun Yang College of Environmental and Resource, Southwest University of China, Chongqing, 400715, China E-mail: [email protected] Abstract

  • the use of poly-aluminum chloride and alum for the

    The use of poly-aluminum chloride and alum for the

    In this study two coagulants were applied; aluminum sulfate (alum) as a metal salt and poly-aluminum chloride (PAC) as a pre-hydrolyzed metal salt. The alum used in this study was in powder form with the formula Al 2 (SO 4) 3; 18H 2 O (M = 666.42 g/mol, 51–59% Al 2 (SO 4) 3, pH 2.5–4) and supplied by Merck, Germany.

  • poly-aluminium-chloride (pac) 3v tech

    Poly-Aluminium-Chloride (PAC) 3V Tech

    PAC applications. Water treatment The poly aluminium chloride (PAC) is used for settling of solid particles present into drinkable waters and for the flocculation of civil and industrial effluents. It has also a high antibactericide effect, due to the presence of chlorine into the product formula, and can be utilized for large range of pH and with higher turbidity.

  • advanced water treatment concepts

    Advanced Water Treatment Concepts

    Aluminum sulfate (Al 2 (SO 4) 3 or alum): Aluminum sulfate (commonly called alum) is used as a coagulant, causing colloidal particles to clump together and settle out of the water. Alum was once the most common coagulant used in West Virginia, but today it is being replaced by the more prevalent use of polymers. In order for alum to be an effective . Lesson 2 Appendix of Common Chemicals Used

  • aluminium chlorohydrate

    Aluminium chlorohydrate

    In water purification, this compound is preferred in some cases because of its high charge, which makes it more effective at destabilizing and removing suspended materials than other aluminum salts such as aluminum sulfate, aluminum chloride and various forms of polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and polyaluminum chlorisulfate, in which the aluminum

  • optimization of coagulation-flocculation process

    OPTIMIZATION OF COAGULATION-FLOCCULATION PROCESS

    Optimization of coagulation-flocculation process with aluminum sulfate based on response () 79 collection of tools in design or data analysis that enhance the exploration of a region of design variables in one ore more dimensions” [3]. Building a mathematical model based upon RSM is

  • poly aluminum chloride (pac) caustic soda flake

    Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC) Caustic Soda Flake

    2017-11-02· Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC) Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC), General specification: The coagulation process has a special place in the purification process. Aluminum sulfate (alum) and chlorofibre are the most common primary coagulants used in water purification to remove turbidity.

  • determination of the optimal dosage of aluminum sulfate

    Determination of the Optimal Dosage of Aluminum Sulfate

    In this paper the optimal dosage of Aluminum Sulfate(Al 2 (SO 4) 3 18H 2 O) is determined using a model of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) that, when faced with real time variations of turbidity is able to calculate an indicated dose of coagulant, with the aim of achieve effective coagulation in

  • aluminium coagulant an overview sciencedirect topics

    Aluminium Coagulant an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Aluminium sulphate is the most widely used aluminium coagulant (Section 8.20).It is available in a number of solid grades such as block, kibbled or ground and is also available as a solution typically containing 8–8.3% w/w Al 2 O 3.In waterworks practice aluminium sulphate is frequently but incorrectly referred to as ‘alum’.

  • optimization of phosphorus removal from secondary

    Optimization of phosphorus removal from secondary

    Optimization of phosphorus removal from secondary effluent using simplex method in Tianjin, China. Author links open overlay panel Yuqiu Wang Tianwei Han Ze Xu Guangqing Bao Tan Zhu. Show more

  • china pac manufacturer, aluminium sulfate, caustic soda

    China PAC manufacturer, Aluminium Sulfate, Caustic Soda

    2019-06-25· PAC, Aluminium Sulfate, Caustic Soda, PVC, Lysine, Threonine, Methonine, DCP/Mcp, SLES/LABSA, STPP/SHMP Company Introduction MIDI () Group Co., Ltd. Was founded in 1987, is a production of feed additives, water treatment products research and development, industrial chemical raw materials production, import and export of international trade and one of the diversified private high

  • pac

    PAC

    The chemistry of PAC is often expressed in the form Aln(OH)mCl(3n-m). Basicity can be defined by the term m/(3n) in that equation. Because PAC is more expensive to produce than papermakers alum (aluminum sulfate) it is important to note the most important differences between these two products. Solutions of PAC are not as acidic as alum

  • comparison of three aluminum coagulants for phosphorus

    Comparison of Three Aluminum Coagulants for Phosphorus

    In the coagulation process of water plant, the aluminum salts are usually used as coagulant including poly aluminum chloride, alumina sulfate and aluminum chloride. The removal rate for phosphorus by aluminum salt and comparison of three general aluminum salts should be researched. This study is helpful to probe the removal

  • optimization of phosphorus removal from secondary

    Optimization of phosphorus removal from secondary

    2005-05-20· The maximum removal efficiency of total phosphorus obtained from the optimization procedures for ferric sulfate, aluminum sulfate and polyaluminum chloride was 87.3, 95.6 and 94.0%, respectively, and the minimum total phosphorus residual was 0.35, 0.12 and 0.16 mg/L, respectively.

  • poly aluminium chloride pac water treatment chemical

    Poly Aluminium Chloride PAC Water Treatment Chemical

    Poly Aluminum Chloride used as a substitute of the Alum and Ferrous Sulfate. CHEMICAL FORMULA : (Aln(OH) mCl3n-m)X Cas : 1327-41-9 PAC is an inorganic chemical having polymeric structure soluble in water.For the water treatment our team developed RI-9 more useful.

  • water treatment coagulation chemistry basics

    Water Treatment Coagulation Chemistry Basics

    2018-01-16· Aluminum Sulfate The most common and is often used with cationic polymer. Aluminum Chlorohydrate Produces less sludge and is less corrosive than aluminum sulfate. Ferric chloride Effective over a wider pH range than alum. Ferric sulfate Often used as part of he lime softening process. Ferrous Sulfate Less pH dependent than alum.

  • cn102134086a production method of polyaluminium

    CN102134086A Production method of polyaluminium

    The invention discloses a production method of polyaluminium chloride (PAC). The polyaluminium chloride (PAC) product produced according to the production method is mainly used for water purification and paper making. In the aspect of water purification, the PAC has the advantages of good purified water quality, relative low water purification cost, high floccule forming speed, wide adaptive

  • poly aluminium chloride manufacturers and suppliers

    Poly Aluminium Chloride Manufacturers And Suppliers

    The quality of water purified by poly aluminium chloride is much better than that by aluminum sulfate, and the cost of poly aluminium chloride is 15-30% lower than aluminum sulfate. The impurities and suspended substances are quickly flocculated and settled by poly aluminium chloride, and its performance is much better than aluminum sulfate.

  • prediction and optimization of sulphur trioxide yield

    Prediction and Optimization of Sulphur Trioxide Yield

    Prediction and Optimization of Sulphur Trioxide Yield from Calcination of Aluminium Sulfate Using Central Composite Design Sulphur trioxides are common toxic gaseous pollutants which can be produced from alternative routes via calcination of aluminum sulfate derived from kaolin clay.

  • poly aluminum chloride (pac) powder caustic soda

    Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC) Powder Caustic Soda

    2017-11-02· Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC) Powder Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC) Powder, General specification:. The coagulation process has a special place in the purification process. Aluminum sulfate (alum) and chlorofibre are the most common primary coagulants used in

  • application of flocs analysis for coagulation optimization

    Application of Flocs Analysis for Coagulation Optimization

    coagulant performance. Aluminium sulfate (alum), the most widely used coagulant in water treatment plants in Canada, is well known for its poor performance in cold water. Polyaluminium chloride (PACl), a relatively new polymeric aluminium coagulant increasingly being used in water treatment plants, is found to have many advantages over

  • a comparison of aluminum and iron-based coagulants for

    A Comparison Of Aluminum And Iron-based Coagulants For

    A COMPARISON OF ALUMINUM AND IRON-BASED COAGULANTS FOR TREATMENT OF SURFACE WATER IN SARASOTA COUNTY, FLORIDA by DAVID T. YONGE, E.I. B.S.C.E., B.S.Env.E., University of Central Florida, 2011 A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science

  • coagulation and flocculation in water and wastewater

    Coagulation and Flocculation in Water and Wastewater

    Of the aluminum coagulants, the efficiencies of arsenic(V) removals are generally in the order polyaluminum chloride > polyaluminum sulfate > aluminum chloride > aluminum sulfate. Best results are obtained obtained at a pH of 5.5. Arsenic removals have ranged from approximately 59 to 99-percent at dosages of 0.8 to 1.9 mg/l as Al, with

  • what is alum and how is it used?

    What Is Alum and How Is It Used?

    2019-07-11· It is aluminum potassium sulfate. This is the type of alum that you find in the grocery store for pickling and in baking powder. It is also used in leather tanning, as a flocculant in water purification, as an ingredient in aftershave and as a treatment to fireproof textiles. Its chemical formula is KAl(SO 4) 2.

  • poly aluminium chloride (pac) shanghai chemex group

    Poly Aluminium Chloride (PAC) Shanghai Chemex Group

    In recent years, poly aluminum chloride, called PAC, has been widely used as a substitute for two old coagulants of aluminum sulfate and chlorophyll. Aluminum chloride has now become one of the most commonly used water purifiers in countries such as the USA, Canada, China, Italy, France, and the United Kingdom. In Iran, many industries have

  • optimization of turbidity removal by coagulation

    Optimization of turbidity removal by coagulation

    2019-01-30· The effect of Alum and PAC application was evaluated and compared each other as a function of settling time (40–140 min), pH (2–8), speed (20–60 rpm), and the coagulant dose (0–200 mg/l). In this study, the central composite design (CCD) was utilized to experimental design, modeling, and optimization of the turbidity removal from a stone cutting wastewater. A total of 33 experiments

  • the use of zeta potential measurement in surface water

    The Use of Zeta Potential Measurement in Surface Water

    aluminum-based coagulants were used in this research: aluminum sulfate (Alum), polyaluminum chloride (PAC), dialuminum chloride pantahydroxide (PACl), and polyaluminum chloride hydroxide sulfate (PACS). Effective coagulant doses were selected on the basis of the zeta isoelectric point (IP) analysis. Coagulation efficiency analysis was based on

  • optimization of the coagulation process for kaolin

    Optimization of the Coagulation Process for Kaolin

    In the paper, the optimization of the coagulation process for Kaolin and humic acid removal using polymeric aluminum ferric sulfate (PAFS) was studied. In order to obtain the maximum turbidity and humic acid removal efficiency of Kaolin and humic acid simulated wastewater, the optimum coagulation conditions was investigated with the factors of mixing speed and time.

  • water blending effects on coagulation-flocculation using

    Water blending effects on coagulation-flocculation using

    This study investigated three common coagulants (alum sulfate (alum), polyaluminum chloride (PAC), and ferric chloride (FeCl 3)) to determine the best coagulant and optimal dosages in terms of TOC, DOC, turbidity, and conductivity in multiple types of blended water.In the blended surface water and ground water experiment, PAC displayed the best performance in terms of coagulation at a dosage

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